What are the different types of dentists and what do they do?
General dentistry concentrates on diagnosis and treatment of dental problems in people
of either sex and at any age. General dentistry is often called family
dentistry and is not considered one of the specialized types of dentistry
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in preventing and
treating teeth and facial irregularities, such as a “bad bite,” jaw
alignment and more. Treatment involves design, application and control of
corrective “appliances” such as braces, retainers, etc. to achieve
proper facial balance and occlusion (bite).
Endodontics is a specialty that deals with diseases of the tissue, blood vessels,
and nerves inside the tooth. This field is practiced by endodontists. The most
common endodontic treatment is called a “root canal,” the removal of
infected tissue and refilling of the nerve canal inside the tooth. Endodontists
are also experienced at finding the cause of oral and facial pain that is
difficult to diagnose.
Oral surgery is the specialty involving surgical treatment of diseases,
injuries and deformities of the mouth, teeth, gums and jaws. Oral surgeons
treat problems caused by wisdom teeth, facial injuries, and jaw disorders, and
are skilled in reconstructive and dental implant surgery.
Periodontics specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the gum and bone
that hold teeth in place. Periodontists are experts at recognizing such gum
disorders as gingivitis, an infection of the gums, and the more destructive gum
disease known as periodontitis. Some of the more common treatments a
periodontist might provide include: cleaning and scaling teeth to remove
harmful substances called plaque and tartar; prescribing medicines like
antibiotics and special mouthwashes; and for more severe dental problems, oral
Prosthodontics, also called prosthetic dentistry, involves restoring and
maintaining oral function, health, comfort and appearance by replacing teeth
and gum tissue with artificial substitutes (sometimes called false teeth).
Prosthodontists can fit patients with such prosthetic devices as single or
multiple tooth replacement implants, crowns and bridges, partial dentures and complete
Pedodontics is a dental science focusing on the treatment of children. This
specialized care helps children feel comfortable with dentistry; restores and
maintains primary and permanent dentitions; assists in the prevention of dental
caries and periodontal disease; and corrects difficulties of occlusion.
We understand your child’s health:)
remember to brush after every meal!